Appendicitis is a painful inflammation or swelling of the appendix. The appendix is a finger-shaped pouch about 5-10cm (2-4 inches) long that extends from the large intestine (where stools are formed) on the lower right side of your abdomen.
There is no clear cause of appendicitis, though it is thought one possible cause may be when the appendix becomes blocked, often by stool, a foreign body, or cancer. Also, bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can result in infection, leading to the swelling of the tissues of the appendix wall.
The classic symptoms of appendicitis include:
Sudden pain that begins on the right side of the lower abdomen
Sudden pain that begins around your navel and often shifts to your lower right abdomen
Pain that worsens if you cough, walk or make other jarring movements
Nausea and/or vomiting soon after abdominal pain begins
Loss of appetite
Low-grade fever that may worsen as the illness progresses
Inability to pass gas
Surgery to remove the appendix, which is called an appendectomy, is the standard treatment for almost all cases of appendicitis. Antibiotics almost always are begun prior to surgery and as soon as appendicitis is suspected.
There is no way of predicting when appendicitis will occur or prevent it from occurring.
Culled from Staywellworld blog post dated April 19, 2018.
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